Create a DJ Mixer with Web Audio API

Date: January 03, 2023 Web Audio APIDJ MixerJavascriptMusicSounds
Create a DJ Mixer with Web Audio API

How to create a simple DJ Mixer using Web Audio API.

Below you will find sample code on how to use the Web Audio API to create a DJ Mixer that has a crossfade feature between two tracks as well as a couple audio effects.

 

JavaScript


// Create an audio context
var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();

// Create two audio sources
var track1 = new Audio('track1.mp3');
var track2 = new Audio('track2.mp3');

// Create gain nodes for each track
var gainNode1 = audioCtx.createGain();
var gainNode2 = audioCtx.createGain();

// Connect the audio sources to the gain nodes
var source1 = audioCtx.createMediaElementSource(track1);
source1.connect(gainNode1);
var source2 = audioCtx.createMediaElementSource(track2);
source2.connect(gainNode2);

// Set the initial gain (volume) for each track
gainNode1.gain.value = 0;
gainNode2.gain.value = 0;

// Create effects nodes
var biquadFilter1 = audioCtx.createBiquadFilter();
biquadFilter1.type = 'lowpass';
biquadFilter1.frequency.value = 1000;

var biquadFilter2 = audioCtx.createBiquadFilter();
biquadFilter2.type = 'highpass';
biquadFilter2.frequency.value = 1000;

// Connect the gain nodes to the effects
gainNode1.connect(biquadFilter1);
gainNode2.connect(biquadFilter2);

// Connect the effects to the destination (speakers or headphones)
biquadFilter1.connect(audioCtx.destination);
biquadFilter2.connect(audioCtx.destination);

// Create a function to apply effects to a track
function applyEffect(track, effect) {
    if (track === 1) {
        biquadFilter1.type = effect;
    } else if (track === 2) {
        biquadFilter2.type = effect;
    }
}

// Create a function to fade in a track
function fadeInTrack(track, fadeTime) {
    var currentTime = audioCtx.currentTime;
    if (track === 1) {
        gainNode1.gain.setValueAtTime(0, currentTime);
        gainNode1.gain.linearRampToValueAtTime(1, currentTime + fadeTime);
    } else if (track === 2) {
        gainNode2.gain.setValueAtTime(0, currentTime);
        gainNode2.gain.linearRampToValueAtTime(1, currentTime + fadeTime);
    }
}

// Example usage: apply a lowpass effect to track 1, fade in track 1 over 5 seconds
applyEffect(1, 'lowpass');
fadeInTrack(1, 5);